It draws us in, provides a focal point in our gardens, setting the mood of an outdoor space. Include water in your garden, be it in any form, a birdbath, a lively rill, a wildlife pond or a bubbling fountain and you will bring your garden alive.
Visitors come to our garden specially to sit and relax beside our natural swimming pool, watching dragonflies and swallows in summer, birds bathing in the shallows, butterflies and bumblebees visiting the flowering marginals that fringe the water.
Newts breed in our pool and toads and frogs are so numerous that we regularly see the grass snakes who live off them. Seven species of bats were recorded hunting over the water recently and if you are quiet enough you might spot our resident kingfisher who uses a deck chair as a hunting perch. Aquatic pond-life is prolific, with diving beetles, water boatmen, whirligigs and pond skaters balancing on the water’s surface.
Sadly, most of these species are declining in the UK and it is no coincidence that in the last century Britain has lost over half a million garden ponds. You don’t need a huge natural pool to attract wildlife, a small garden pond will support all of this incredible wildlife too. So with many of us spending more time at home in our gardens it’s the perfect time to introduce water into your life.
That depends on the size and style of your garden and your budget. Still, reflective water, has a calming effect on a space. Moving water energises. Any water is a magnet for wildlife, even a tiny bird bath attracts birds daily to bathe and drink and reflects the sky with a bright circle of light.
If you enjoy listening to the sound of water and are looking for a low cost solution, a drilled boulder or reclaimed millstone makes an effective fountain, sitting over a reservoir of water where a small, submerged pump sends water splashing out over the top. Place your mini fountain close to a seating area where you can enjoy the sound of water. Chooses a large reservoir as fountains lose a lot of water through evaporation. Decorate with pebbles and include plants like hostas, dierama, sibirican irises and zanteschedia to soften the edges. Lighting the centre creates an iridescent orb or water afterdark, which is really effective.
Still water looks stylish in galvanised or Corten steel troughs, or rustic wooden barrels, set about the garden, as reflective surfaces.
This is a narrow strip of shallow water running through a garden. Rills are fun. They are especially effective with a sloping garden where you can create changes of levels with dropping pools, splash stones and waterfalls. Rills can be organic, lined with cobbles to recreate a shallow stream, or formal and geometric, edged with stone coping. Rills need regular maintenance, a filtration system and a balance tank to store the water when turned off. With all moving water there is the risk of filamentous algae. Switching off at night allows them to dry out and minimises algae growth.
The best thing you could do for wildlife in your garden is to install a wildlife pond.These can be a small, large, formal or naturalistic. The key is to have biologically filtered, water, sloping sides or pockets of shallow water to give wildlife safe access, and the right planting for added habit zones. Excavate the pond at least 1.20m deep for water stability. Create shallow pond edges for planting pollinator friendly marginal plants like watermint, water forget me not, and purple loosestrife for a long season of colour and flowers.
Include water lilies and fragrant water hawthorne to shade the water and flower throughout summer (2/3 of the pond surface should be covered) and plant a mix of submerged oxygenating plants which help to keep the water balanced. As a guide I usually plant 20 oxygenator bunches per m2 of water. Choose native species where possible.
All ponds benefit from a biological filtration system, keeping the water oxygenated, clear and free from algae. There are various pumps and filter kits on the market, do your research, size up the filter to work with your pond’s water volume. Only fill or top up your pond with pre-filtered mains water or rain water, never use untreated mains water, it is nutrient rich and will cause algae. Once you have filled your pond, sit back and watch wildlife arrive, you will be amazed how fast it finds you.
Amphibians are welcome in a wildlife pond, but fish upset the natural ecosystem and are best kept in a designated fish pond with the appropriate filtration system.
If you enjoy water and wild swimming, a natural pool or swimming pond in your back garden is the ultimate water feature. Natural pools are filtered and purified using water plants and special biological filters to keep the water crystal clear and hygienic. Beautiful all year, chemical free, easy to look after, with low running costs, they heat up quickly with the sun. It’s just like wild swimming in your own garden and the health and ecological benefits are immense. To find out more, visit Ellicar Gardens and explore Ellicar’s beautiful natural pool.
Ellicar Gardens and plant yard open Fridays 11am-4pm
Plant yard only Wednesdays 3pm-6pm
Garden design, planting and landscaping.
Natural pools, and wildlife pond design and installation.